This goes without saying that fire and smoke can certainly be a major cause of alarm in any building. Here smoke control is totally related to the fire safety in multi-storied buildings as regulatory reforms it is the duty of companies to maintain a well establish smoke control systems in their high-rise buildings. Flames and smoke can cause severe damage to the residents of the building and also at the same time cause major economic damage within a few minutes. Smoke has the ability to travel very fast and when a fire breaks out, it makes extremely difficult for the upper floors’ occupants to reach out to the clean air which is inevitable for proper breathing. This is the reason why proper methods of smoke control in the multi-storied buildings are very crucial and merely keeping fire extinguishing equipments on the site is just not enough.
Smoke’s path of circulation
When a fire breaks out, the smoke that is formed has the maximum potential of harming or damaging the occupants of the building because the smoke is most likely to travel in the fastest pace. Stairways, vents and elevator shafts are most likely to channel smoke and allow the smoke to move through the lengths and breadths of the building within just minutes. In the multi-storied and high-rise buildings, especially those occupants on the upper floors are most vulnerable and likely to get trapped in the stairwells or elevators. Under such circumstances when the occupants are attempting to find a way outdoors, the smoke makes that difficult.
Smoke control is one of the most crucial measures adopted for fire extinguishing. This helps in preventing the smoke and also moving through the common escape routes such as the stairways. Just by controlling the flames and restricting the flames in one particular area of the fire-struck building is not enough in preventing the injury or loss of life of the occupants on the upper floors. Here are some of the commonly adopted effective measures of smoke control.
Smoke Curtains for Elevators and Stairways
The elevator shafts and communicating stairs channel and pull the smoke for the lower floors towards the upper part of the building. One effective way of combating these issues is to keep the stairways and elevators clear of the smoke in an event of a fire outburst. This can be done by employing the use of fire and smoke curtains in these specific areas. The smoke curtains are being discreetly installed towards the head of the stairwell doorway or elevator. These smoke curtains automatically get deployed when a fire breaks out. The curtains are deployed to cover up the opening which would, in turn, prevent the flames and smoke from entering the areas. This would help in containing the smoke and fire at the source and also prevent the large volume of smoke from infiltrating in the remaining parts of the building.
Smoke Control in other parts of the fire-stricken building
This goes without saying that the high-rise buildings are being built with different formats, layouts or needs pertaining to fire & smoke control. While protecting the stairwells and elevator shafts is a priority, the other parts of the high-rise buildings should also be protected from fire and smoke. A horizontally laid smoke curtain is being specially designed in order to deploy across the open sections of the lobby. This smoke curtain helps in giving adequate time to the fire extinguishing equipment to work which eventually helps in minimizing the damage and the costs that are related to the rising smoke.
This is high time that you adopt the discreet as well as cost-effective fire and smoke curtains for smoke control for ensuring complete safety of your building in case a fire breaks out accidentally.