Researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have concluded that All-terrain vehicle related injuries in children remain to be large public health problem in the country. Moreover, they also said that major risk factors for the young riders are preventable indeed.
All-terrain vehicle injury is a kind of increasing and serious problem in the United States of America.
Thomas Pranikoff, M.D., Professor of Pediatric surgical sciences at Wake Forest Baptist and lead author of the of the publication in the March issue of the Journal of Emergency Medicine has said that,” the ATV related accidental injuries that children sustain are frequently severe as compared to the injuries that they receive from the motor vehicle crashes.
Pranikoff along with the colleagues reviewed the data from 16 studies that were conducted and then published from year 2000 to 2010 on the risk factors and epidemiology among ATV related injuries among the American children.
Data from year 2013, from the US consumer Product Safety Commission, revealed that there were around 99,600 ATV related injuries in the America that needed at least emergency treatment. Off these, around 25% were found to be in children under the age of 16.
Pranikoff said that, factors that appeared to be relevant to the high rates of the injury and then death for the children include the powerful machines, lack of safety equipment, younger drivers and risk driving behavior. The most common causes for ATV injuries among the young riders have been observed to be the collision with a stationary object, vehicle rollover, and ejection from the car or any vehicle being driven.
He also asserted that, unfortunately all the programs and legislations that have been designed in these regards have remained unsuccessful and therefore, need is to look for and try some other approach to reduce such injuries.
It has been observed that peer to peer, brief interventions particularly with the motivational approaches have proven to be promising in changing the risky behaviors have been studies but not with respect to the ATVs. Need is there to conduct such studies as well to deal with the scenario.
Also Pranikoff asserted that, with the bigger and faster machines becoming more prominent, ATV use is seen to continue in the United States of America. Research is needed to define the effective means of changing ATV riding behaviors among children. Be it implemented in school of other settings, or hospitals, it will be play a significant and crucial part in reducing the ATV related pediatric deaths and injuries.
It should be ensured that ATV safety awareness should elucidate the pediatric ATV injury risks along with the safety practices. Campaigns should also concentrate on realistic understanding of the currently in use practices to be credible for the public. Messages emphasizing the consequences of the All-terrain vehicle injuries should be endorsed as they most likely to have major impact. Earlier there have been practices like age based restrictions and they were rejected being considered to unrealistic. Alternate strategies should be adopted and implemented to control the situation. It can be controlled indeed with a little more concentration and focus towards the issue.
Co-Authors of the study are: Andrea Doud, M.D., Marcia McCall, M.BA., and Laura J. Veach, Ph.D., of Wake Forest Baptist; Regina Moro, Ph.D., of Barry University in Miami; Stephen Gray Wallace, M.S., of Center for Adolescent Research and Education in Palm Beach Gardens, Fla.; and Michael D. Smith, P.S.Y.D., of Froedtert Hospital in Milwaukee.
The funds for the study were provided by the Childress Institute of Pediatric Traumas at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.