All You Need to Know about IBS Treatment
IBS stands for Irritable Bowel Syndrome. It is a medical condition in which a person suffers from regular abdominal pain and diarrhea or constipation. If a person is suffering from IBS then he or she might suffer either from diarrhea or constipation or have thin, soft, hard or liquid stool. It is not a life-threatening disease and does not lead to any major disease but can last for a long period of time compelling the person to change his/her lifestyle. People suffering from IBS are more likely to miss their work and other daily activities. There is not one fix IBS treatment. Different patients are treated differently based on their lifestyle and the cause of the disease.
Symptoms of IBS
IBS has four types of conditions. IBS –C that means IBS with constipation, IBS – D meaning IBS with diarrhea. IBS – M, mixed IBS, in this condition the patient suffers from an alternating pattern of diarrhea and constipation and all the other medical condition that does not fall into these three categories are categorized as IBS-U (unsubtyped IBS).
A person suffering from IBS may show the following symptoms:
1. Pain or cramp in the lower part of the belly. (Usually, the pain gets unbearable after meals that get better after a bowel movement).
2. Diarrhea – the patient suffers from an extreme level of diarrhea.
4. Alternate episodes of diarrhea and constipation
5. Looser or tighter stools than normal.
6. Suffering from gastritis or bloating.
7. A stuck out belly.
If a person is showing these symptoms, then it is high time to consult a doctor and begin his/her IBS treatment based on its cause and condition.
Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
There are numerous things that might trigger IBS symptoms but still, scientists are not aware of the main causes that lead to the condition. According to this study, instead of slow periodic muscle movements, the muscles in the bowel ripple.
Another study suggests that the condition is caused by the chemicals produced by the body like gastrin and serotonin that are responsible to regulate the nerve signals between the digestive tract and the brain. Some also suggest that hormones are responsible for IBS as women suffer much more than a man from IBS but the studies and theories don’t support this claim. Research is going on to check if it is caused by certain bacteria present in the bowels
A person undergoes an IBS treatment only after the person is diagnosed. There is one thing that has to be noted down is that there is no specific test that can diagnose IBS. The doctor matches the symptoms with the definition of IBS and performs tests to rule out other medical conditions like food allergies, high blood pressure drugs, infection, enzyme deficiencies, and inflammatory bowel diseases. A doctor does the following test to decide if a person is suffering from IBS:
1. Upper endoscopy in case the patient has indigestion or heartburn.
2. X- rays.
3. Stool tests.
4. A blood test to check thyroid problems, anemia, and other infections.
5. Flexible colonoscopy to check for signs of inflammation or blockage in the intestines.
Almost all the people suffering from IBS can be treated but there is no fix IBS treatment for everyone. The doctor with the help of the patient determines the appropriate treatment to manage the symptoms. IBS symptoms can be triggered by several things such as certain medicines, foods, gas, stool, stress, etc. For a successful IBS treatment, it is necessary to identify the triggers. The patient is asked to change his/her lifestyle depending upon the triggers and take some medications.